Beyond a Textbook


Fractures, dislocations and their complications may present in many ways: to accommodate the large number of important cases and presentations, the tutorial has been split into two parts. The first part focuses on general principles and then discusses limb fractures. The second part focuses on spine fractures.

Other conditions affecting bones and joints are covered in the bones and joints tutorial.

General Principles & Limb Fractures

The limb fractures presentation covers the following topics:

  • General Fracture Concepts
  • Description of Fracture Types
  • Describing X-rays of Fractures
  • Pelvic Fractures
  • Soft Tissue Complications
  • Missed Fractures
  • Femoral Fractures
  • Tibial Fractures
  • Ankle Fractures
  • Upper Limb Fractures
  • Elbow Fractures
  • Forearm Fractures
  • Carpal Injuries
  • Shoulder Dislocations
  • Complications of Fractures

Spine Fractures

The spinal fractures presentation covers the following topics:

  • Cervical Spine
    • Standard C-Spine Views
    • Cervical Lines
  • Upper Cervical Spine Fractures
    • Burst Fractures
  • Fractures of the Dens
  • Fractures of the Atlas
  • Hangman’s Fractures
  • Flexion Fractures
    • Wedge and Tear-drop Fractures
    • Fracture-dislocations
  • Extension Fractures
    • Soft Tissue Signs
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Atlanto-axial Injuries
  • Thoracic Spine Fractures
    • Normal Anatomy
    • Wedge and Tear-drop Fractures
    • Fracture-dislocations
  • Lumbar Spine Fractures
    • Classification of Spine Fractures
    • Chance Fractures